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The Port State Measures Agreement

As governments ratify and implement the agreement, seafood buyers also play a role. Buyers can introduce guidelines that favour ports whose states are parties to the PSMA, as they pose a lower risk as part of the due diligence process. Industry can play a key role in informing States that have not yet ratified the agreement on its importance, by assessing the controls they have to prevent IUU fish from being landed, especially during port visits. States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations shall meet to assist the parties in filling gaps in their legal, institutional and operational capacity to implement the Agreement. This work includes aligning legislation with the requirements of the PSMA, establishing mechanisms to track IUU offenders, training staff in port inspection standards, and introducing guidelines and technologies for information exchange. A lack of training, knowledge or experience has hampered the ability to establish comprehensive procedural standards for inspections of fishing vessels. Many countries have had historically weak governance of fish and fishery products that enter world trade. The agreement sets the overall standard for inspections to be carried out and documented, reducing the ability of IUU fishery products to enter international trade and increasing the international community`s ability to detect IUU fish and fishery products. Many of the operational requirements of the agreement were a general practice for the United States, with slight adaptations to existing procedures. For example, under other existing U.S. laws, all foreign-flagged vessels must provide the U.S.

Coast Guard with prior notification of their arrival before entering a U.S. port. NOAA worked closely with the Coast Guard to improve existing communication and information exchange mechanisms that allow the NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement to control foreign-flagged vessels or vessels related to fishing at the entry or refusal of the port, in accordance with the Port State Measures Agreement and the U.S. Port State Measures Act. This screening process allows us to verify, prior to arrival, the basic information of the vessels, such as the flag State, the catch on board, the fishing authorisations/authorisations, recent fishing activities and other relevant information. With the same information, we will use this process at the same time to prioritize and identify a cause of inspection. The treaty – formally the agreement on port State measures to prevent, deter and stop illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing – is the first legally binding international agreement targeting this illegal activity, which accounts for up to $23.5 billion in seafood or up to 1 wild-caught fish each year. Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) catches continue to enter global markets and account for up to $23.5 billion worth of seafood annually. To combat these illegal activities, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Convention on Port State Measures (PSMA) entered into force in 2016, after exceeding 25 ratifications. IUU fishing is a global problem that threatens ocean ecosystems and sustainable fisheries….

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