No comments yet

Shanghai Agreement 2016

The Heads of Delegation stressed the importance of focusing efforts on the practical implementation of specific joint projects, in line with the multilateral agenda for trade and economic cooperation. Consistent implementation of the 2016-2020 action plan, which is part of SOZ`s development strategy for 2025, as well as the list of measures to promote project activities within the CNT in 2017-2021. “There seems to be some kind of tacit agreement from Shanghai,” he told the news agency. “The deal is to stabilize the dollar against major currencies through appropriate monetary policy measures, not interventions.” Health promotion is essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. This conference from 21 to 24 November 2016, a new course for the next 15 years will be set up to encourage national governments, local leaders and other stakeholders to harness the great potential of health promotion in all sectors of society. In October 2007, SOZ signed an agreement with the Collective Security Treaty Organization (OVKS) in the Tajik capital, Duschanbe, to expand cooperation in areas such as security, crime and drug trafficking. [46] Russia`s August 2008 military intervention in the disputed Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, under the auspices of “peace implementation,” was not welcomed by Beijing or other SOZ members. Although they acknowledged Russia`s peacekeeping role in the Caucasus, despite Moscow`s attempts to gain the organization`s formal support, the SOZ did not support the intervention. Chinese concerns about the conflict between Russia and Georgia were numerous, including the circumvention of China`s main views on the sanctity of borders and the policy of non-interference that Beijing hoped would be highlighted by the SOZ. Concern over a “demonstration effect”, particularly after Russia requested recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent entities after the conflict, led China to remain silent about the crisis, with the exception of a proposal by a Foreign Ministry spokesman to refer the conflict to the United Nations (Barriaux 2008); Liu 2016, p.151; Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of China 2008).

The fact that the military action began on the eve of the Beijing Summer Olympics, conceived as a “coming out party” for China on the world stage, did not help ease Beijing`s concerns. Moscow still plays the role of “big brother” in much of Eurasian politics and security; However, in recent years, China has become an important economic partner for Central Asia, especially with the development (since 2013) of the Belt and Road trade routes, in which the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well as Russia, fully participate, as channels of land trade between China and Europe (China Daily 2013); Plaster 2016). . . .

Comments are closed.