This policy has resulted in the conclusion of several recent agreements: South Korea (2009), Singapore (2012), Colombia and Peru (2012), CETA with Canada (signed in 2016, provisionally entered into force in September 2017) and the Economic Partnership Agreement with Japan (which came into force on February 1, 2019). Negotiations are ongoing with Chile, Mexico and Mercosur, Australia and New Zealand. The government supports a balanced trade policy that guarantees Access to foreign markets for French companies, while preserving collective sensitivities and preferences and promoting compliance with the Paris Agreement. France ensures that the agreements do not weaken the sectors and that they are in line with agricultural policy at European level. The government therefore supports a balanced trade policy that guarantees access to foreign markets for French companies, while preserving collective sensitivities and preferences. In order to ensure the conditions for fair competition and reciprocity in the opening of markets, France is also cooperating with the Council to strengthen its trade defence and protect its strategic sectors by increasing its anti-dumping duties and improving its supervision of foreign investment. Given the difficulties encountered in multilateral negotiations within the WTO, market access is increasingly achieved through bilateral or regional agreements. The European Union has established a very wide network of regional preferential agreements around the world. The European Union`s trade policy, initially centred on its neighbours and development partners, reached a strategic turning point in 2006 with the introduction of the Global Europe Strategy and negotiations on larger-scale “next generation” trade agreements (services, public procurement, non-tariff barriers). The impact of these agreements has shown that they are important levers for growth and employment. Since a trade agreement with South Korea was reached, EU exports to South Korea have increased by 60% and a trade surplus of 3.1 billion euros has been recorded in 2016.
France is also committed to making efforts to make adherence to the Paris Agreement and compliance with its legal obligations the subject of an essential clause in future agreements. The aim of this very ambitious proposal is to be able to denounce the agreement at the end of the Paris Agreement and to gain additional influence in the fight against climate change. This objective was reaffirmed at the first meeting of the Ecological Defence Council, held on 23 May 2019. France also defends proposals to monitor agreements to ensure real reciprocity, ensuring that our trading partners meet the commitments they have made, so that our companies can take full advantage of open markets.